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(click on any paper below to read it)

Popular Press Essays

Boroditsky, L. (2011). How language shapes thought. Scientific American, February 2011.

Boroditsky, L. (2010). Lost in Translation. Wall Street Journal. July 24, 2010.

Boroditsky, L. (2010). Do the languages we speak shape the way we think? The Economist.
3-part Oxford-style debate. I represented the “pro” side. "Pro" won by reader vote (78% pro).

Boroditsky, L. (2010). Wie prägt die Sprache unser Denken? Süddeutsche Zeitung Nr. 87, Freitag, 16. April 2010. (reprinted from What's Next? volume - see below)

Boroditsky, L. (2009). How does our language shape the way we think? In Brockman (Ed.) What's Next? Dispatches on the Future of Science. Vintage Press.

Academic Essays

Saj, A., Fuhrman, O., Vuilleumier, P., & Boroditsky, L. (2013). Patients With Left Spatial Neglect Also Neglect the “Left Side” of Time. Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/0956797612475222

Lai, V.T. and Boroditsky, L. (2013) The immediate and chronic influence of spatio-temporal metaphors on the mental representations of time in English, Mandarin, and Mandarin-English speakers. Frontiers in Psychology 4:142. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00142

Thibodeau, P.H. & Boroditsky, L. (2013). Natural Language Metaphors Covertly Influence Reasoning. PLoS ONE 8(1): e52961. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052961

Fedden, S. and Boroditsky, L. (2012). Spatialization of time in Mian. Frontiers in Psychology 3:485. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00485

Fuhrman, O., McCormick, K., Chen, E., Jiang, H., Shu, D., Mao, S., Boroditsky, L. (2011). How linguistic and cultural forces shape conceptions of time: English and Mandarin time in 3D. Cognitive Science, 35(7):1305-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2011.01193.x.

Thibodeau, P.H. and Boroditsky, L. (2011). Metaphors We Think With: The Role of Metaphor in Reasoning. PLoS ONE 6(2): e16782. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016782

Fausey, C. & Boroditsky, L. (2011). Who dunnit? Cross-linguistic differences in eye-witness memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review: Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 150-157. doi:10.3758/s13423-010-0021-5

Boroditsky, L. (2011). How Languages Construct Time. In Dehaene and Brannon (Eds.,) Space, time and number in the brain: Searching for the foundations of mathematical thought. Elsevier. ISBN: 978-0-12-385948-8

Flusberg, S. & Boroditsky, L. (2011). Are things that are hard to physically move also hard to imagine moving? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review: Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 158-164. DOI 10.3758/s13423-010-0024-2.

Segel, E and Boroditsky, L (2010). Grammar in Art. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00244

Boroditsky, L. & Gaby, A. (2010). Remembrances of Times East: Absolute Spatial Representations of Time in an Australian Aboriginal Community. Psychological Science. doi:10.1177/0956797610386621 F1000 Article

Fausey, C., Long, B., Inamori, A., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). Constructing agency: the role of language. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00162

Dils, A.T., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). A Visual Motion Aftereffect from Motion Language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi:10.1073/pnas.1009438107

Fausey, C., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). Subtle linguistic cues influence perceived blame and financial liability. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17 (5), 644-650 doi:10.3758/PBR.17.5.644

Boroditsky, L., Fuhrman, O., & McCormick, K. (2010). Do English and Mandarin speakers think differently about time? Cognition. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.09.010

Dils, A.T., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). Processing unrelated language can change what you see. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 17 (6), 882-888 doi:10.3758/PBR.17.6.882

Fuhrman, O. & Boroditsky, L. (2010). Cross-Cultural Differences in Mental Representations of Time: Evidence from an Implicit Non-Linguistic Task. Cognitive Science. DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01105.x

Winawer, J., Huk, A., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). A motion aftereffect from visual imagery of motion. Cognition (114), 276–284.

Casasanto, D., Fotakopoulou, O., & Boroditsky, L. (2010). Space and Time in the Child's Mind: Evidence for a Cross-Dimensional Asymmetry. Cognitive Science 34(3), 387-405.

Gentner, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2009). Early acquisition of nouns and verbs: Evidence from Navajo. In V. Gathercole (Ed.) Routes to Language: Studies in honor of Melissa Bowerman, 5-36. Taylor & Francis, New York, NY.

Winawer, J., Huk, A., & Boroditsky, L. (2008). A Motion Aftereffect From Still Photographs Depicting Motion. Psychological Science, 19(3), 276-283.

Casasanto, D. & Boroditsky, L. (2008). Time in the Mind: Using space to think about time. Cognition (106), 579–593. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2007.03.004

Boroditsky, L. & Prinz, J. (2008). What thoughts are made of. In Semin, G., & Smith, E., Eds. Embodied grounding: Social, cognitive, affective, and neuroscientific approaches. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Boroditsky, L. (2007). Comparison and the development of knowledge. Cognition, 102(1), 118-128.

Winawer, J., Witthoft, N., Frank, M., Wu, L., Wade, A., and Boroditsky, L. (2007). Russian blues reveal effects of language on color discrimination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences doi:10.1073/pnas.0701644104

Matlock, T., Ramscar, M., & Boroditsky, L. (2005). The experiential link between spatial and temporal language. Cognitive Science, 29, 655-664.

Boroditsky, L., Schmidt, L., & Phillips, W. (2003). Sex, Syntax, and Semantics. In Gentner & Goldin-Meadow (Eds.,) Language in Mind: Advances in the study of Language and Cognition.

Boroditsky, L. (2003). Linguistic Relativity. In Nadel, L. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. MacMillan Press: London, UK, pages 917-921.

Boroditsky, L. & Ramscar, M. (2002). The Roles of Body and Mind in Abstract Thought. Psychological Science, 13(2), 185-188.

Gentner, D., Imai, M., Boroditsky, L. (2002). As time goes by: Evidence for two systems in processing space time metaphors. Language and Cognitive Processes. Vol 17(5), pp. 537-565.

Boroditsky, L. (2001). Does language shape thought? English and Mandarin speakers' conceptions of time. Cognitive Psychology, 43(1), 1-22.

Gentner, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2001). Individuation, relational relativity and early word learning. In M. Bowerman & S. Levinson (Eds.), Language acquisition and conceptual development. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Boroditsky, L. (2000). Metaphoric Structuring: Understanding time through spatial metaphors. Cognition, 75(1), 1-28.